Your Working Definition of Community Health Education Theory

Your Working Definition of Community Health Education Theory

Your Working Definition of Community Health Education Theory

Public health problems have existed for thousands of years. For those interested in investigating and finding effective solutions to these problems, the decades since the mid-20th century have seen an unprecedented growth in the use of theory to bolster the relationship between research and practice. The theory or theories that “fit” a public health program can mean the difference between its success or its failure.

There are myriad theoretical frameworks and models from which to choose, both from the social sciences and the “hard” sciences (e.g., biology, physics). It is important to understand a wide variety of theories and to focus not only on the differences but on the similarities among theories. Bandura stated “theories are interpreted in different ways depending on the stage of the development of the field of study.” Public health is a newer field; thus, community health education theories may still be in the process of trial, change, and retesting.

Consider the application of community health education theories. One theory might fit Problem A but is not appropriate for Problem B. Conversely, multiple theories may each fit one problem perfectly. How do you choose the best theory(ies)?

For this Discussion, review this week’s Learning Resources and the media titled “Overview of Public Health and Behavior Change Theories.” Think about the various types of theories. Consider the use of community health education theory and how this type of theory differs from other types of theories used in public health.

With these thoughts in mind:

Post your working definition of community health education theory. Then explain how community health education theory is different from other types of theories used in public health.

Link to video…

Decision Analysis Problems Discussion Board

For this discussion topic each student is required to have at least 2 postings: One answering at least one of the questions and a second responding to another student’s posting. Please select a question that has not been answered by the time you post your response. You can select any question to answer once all questions are answered. Please do not copy another student’s posting.

This discussion will close at midnight Sunday, November 18th.

1. The owner of the Burger Doodle Restaurant is considering two ways to expand operations: open a drive-up window or serve breakfast. The increase in profits resulting from these proposed expansions depends on whether a competitor opens a franchise down the street. The possible profits from each expansion in operations, given both future competitive situations, are shown in the following payoff table:


Decision Open Not Open


Drive-up window $ – 6,000 $20,000

Breakfast 4,000 8,000

Select the best decision, using the following decision criteria.

a. Maximax

b. Maximin

2. Stevie Stone, a bellhop at the Royal Sundown Hotel in Atlanta, has been offered a management position. Although accepting the offer would assure him a job if there were a recession, if good economic conditions prevailed, he would actually make less money as a manager than as a bellhop (because of the large tips he gets as a bellhop). His salary during the next 5 years for each job, given each future economic condition, is shown in the following payoff table:

Economic Conditions

Decision Good Recession


Bellhop $120,000 $60,000

Manager 85,000 85,000

Select the best decision, using the Minimax regret decision criteria.

3. For information given in Question 2, select the best decision, using the following decision criteria.

a. Hurwicz (α= .4)

b. Equal likelihood

4. Fenton and Farrah Friendly, husband-and-wife car dealers, are soon going to open a new dealership. They have three offers: from a foreign compact car company, from a U.S. – producer of full-sized cars, and from a truck company. The success of each type of dealership will depend on how much gasoline is going to be available during the next few years. The profit from each type of dealership, given the availability of gas, is shown in the following payoff table:

Gasoline Availability

Dealership Shortage Surplus

.6 .4


Compact cars $300,000 $150,000

Full-sized cars –100,000 600,000

Trucks 120,000 170,000

a. Determine which type of dealership the couple should purchase using the expected value criterion.

b. Determine the expected value of perfect information.

5. For information given in Question 4, determine the best decision alternative using the expected opportunity loss criterion.

6. Allen Abbott has a wide-curving, uphill driveway leading to his garage. When there is a heavy snow, Allen hires a local carpenter, who shovels snow on the side in the winter, to shovel his driveway. The snow shoveler charges $30 to shovel the driveway. Following is a probability distribution of the number of heavy snows each winter:

Heavy Snows Probability


1 .13

2 .18

3 .26

4 .23

5 .10

6 .07

7 .03


Allen is considering purchasing a new self-propelled snowblower for $625 that would allow him, his wife, or his children to clear the driveway after a snow. Determine the best decision alternative using the expected value criterion. Discuss what you think Allen’s decision should be and why.

assignment ethics

Discussion: Role of Public Administrators in Protecting Civil Liberties

More than many other professionals, public administrators face the daily challenge of balancing personal rights with the needs of society. To perform their functions and duties, public administrators may have to carry out administrative actions that invade privacy interests and violate civil liberties. What would your personal ethical code of conduct dictate in the face of political or organizational policies that threaten personal liberties? What might help you frame your responsibilities in terms of protecting civil liberties while protecting all members of society?

In this Assignment, you analyze the complex administrative responsibilities in ensuring public freedom while protecting civil liberties.

For this Discussion, read one of the articles highlighting the threat to civil liberties in the United States (Greenblatt, Inazu, McKelvey, or Wilke).

By Day 3

Post your reaction to the article you selected. Then, explain how that article frames the responsibilities of public administrators who face ethical dilemmas in the attempt to ensure civil liberties while protecting all members of society. Multicultural and/or international examples are welcome but not required.

New Tech & Global Project

APA format

Remember what Ingvar Kamprad said, “The fear of making mistakes is the root of bureaucracy and the enemy of all evolution.” So take chances when envisioning the future.

Consider the ways new technology is changing so many things in our lives. And how rapidly those changes are taking place. Think about all those things unknown in the recent past which are now embedded in our everyday lives: search engines, the cloud, fit bits, smart phones, hovercraft, Segway, robotics, Facetime, Uber, ID retina scans, Google Earth, virtual reality, instant translation handsets, etc. The list sometimes seems endless.

Please envision how these new technologies and technologies on the short-term horizon might be applied to your future global projects in the next 1–10 years. Can you envision wasy that the new technologies could transform global sourcing, deliveries, project communications, off-shoring, quality testing, project teams, project planning or any other aspect of your global projects.

Consider that Frederick Smith, founder of FedEx, submitted a term paper at Yale describing a new hub & spoke concept for routing parcels. He got a C on the paper and was told it was a totally impractical idea! So never be afraid to think out of the box.

Write a 2-3 page paper about applying new technology and innovation to modify/change/improve the way you manage your future global projects.

print media

Print Media

Chapters 3, 4, and 5 of your textbook discuss the history, trends, and future of print media. Identify a theme that applies to print media, and discuss the relevant medium(s) individually citing specific examples. Some possibilities would be:

  • Print media have often functioned as agents of change in society. Discuss the role print media has played in giving “new, challenging, or unpopular” (51) ideas a voice. Also address whether this is still the case. Has advertising, conglomeration, or technology changed this political role?
  • Take up the issue of the First Amendment, which guarantees freedom of speech and the press. Why is this important in democracy? Is there ever a place for censorship? Make sure to connect this issue to print media and how it relates to newspapers, magazines, and books.
  • Technology has had a tremendous influence on print media. Explain how the digital culture has changed the nature of print media. Is the impact positive, negative, or are there both positive and negative implications? Be careful to stay grounded in the fact that this is a paper on print media, not technology. Stay with the theme of print media when discussing technology.
  • How does print media reflect the culture that consumes it? Since print media depends on its audience to finance its production, what role does the consumer play in driving demand?
  • Discuss the power of photography to communicate messages, especially in newspapers and magazines. How does it function in a different way than the written text? You may take up a specific theme in photography (such as representing ideals of beauty, providing evidence of an event, stirring emotions, etc.) . Again, be careful not to get into images on social media as this paper is not about social media, but print media.

You may choose one of these topics for your paper, or identify another theme that relates to books, newspapers, and magazines. You should cite three credible research sources in your paper using the APA citation method. You may use your textbook as a source for this paper. Make sure you cite it appropriately using APA.

This paper should be approximately 4 pages in length (word count may be more helpful here — see rubric for specific word count — word count will be what I base your evaluation of length). Please refer to the associated rubric to understand the criteria by which this paper will be graded.

Aftermath of Targeted School Violence

Competencies Addressed in This Assignment

  • Competency 1: Assess the phenomenon of school violence.
  • Competency 2: Explore offender-related communications relative to school violence pre-event, during the event, and post-event.
  • Competency 3: Characterize contagion of violence.
  • Competency 4: Explain the use of threat assessment in pre- through post-secondary education.
  • Competency 5: Communicate effectively in writing.


In the media Responding to the Threat of a Targeted Attack, there were many signs that a targeted school violence incident was imminent. Moving forward in time to post-event in the media, you will see that a tragedy was avoided.


Using examples you see in the Responding to the Threat of a Targeted Attack media, supported by your assigned readings and Internet research, address the following:

  • Evaluate the overall response of the Riverbend City School System, Riverbend City Police Department, and the Riverbend City Threat Assessment Team to the potential incident of targeted school violence portrayed in the simulation.
  • Identify the role contagion of violence played in the simulation.
  • Analyze how contagion of violence could spread and be mitigated in future acts of targeted school violence.
  • Diagram the steps educational administrators or personnel should take from receipt of a credible pre-warning communication through activation of a Crisis Response Team and Professional Threat Assessment Team.
  • Identify the tactical advantages and disadvantages the Riverbend City responders had to consider, prioritize, manage, and implement relative to their response decision relating to overall public safety.
  • Explain the importance for students, educators, parents, and law enforcement to be able to recognize possible pre-offense offender communications relative to response, mitigation, and prevention of acts of targeted school violence.


Your paper should meet the following requirements:

  • Written communication: Must be free of errors that detract from the overall message.
  • Resources and citations: Format according to current APA style and formatting guidelines.
  • Length of paper: 3–4 typed, double-spaced pages, not including the title page or the references page.
  • References: A minimum of three references. (If you create a hypothetical case, references will not be necessary.)
  • Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.

Help neede asap, its very simple and easy

Choose one word from the List of Compound Words page in the module. Switch the

order of the words. For instance, butterfly would become flybutter,

downhearted would become hearteddown, sunflower would be flowersun,

graveyard becomes yardgrave, etc.

Once you choose a word and switch the order, do the following:

1. Define your new word.

2. Include your new word in a line of poetry.

Compound Word List

lifetime elsewhere upside grandmother

cannot baseball fireworks passport

together become became sunflower

crosswalk basketball sweetmeat superstructure

moonlight football railroad rattlesnake

anybody weatherman throwback skateboard

meantime earthquake everything herein

sometimes also backward schoolhouse

butterflies upstream nowhere bypass

fireflies because somewhere spearmint

something another somewhat airport

anyone today himself grasshopper

inside themselves playthings footprints

therefore uplift supergiant homemade

without backbone scapegoat peppermint

fundamental ethics

1. According to Jamieson, there are several features of climate change that render the issues involved alien to our usual notions of commonsense morality. Discuss any two of them, explaining why they present such “hard’ issues. (100 wds.)

2. In thinking of ways to bring the harms of climate change within notions of commonsense morality, Jamieson discusses three possible methods of doing so. Ultimately he decides that only one of these even has any possibility of working. For that one possibility, he gives two theoretical strategies for accomplishing it, before concluding they might not work either. Briefly explain his reasoning regarding all this. (125 wds.)

3. Using both Jamieson and the article by Gardiner, explain which aspect of climate change both think is the hardest issue, and the prospects for using ethics to solve, or at least address, the issue. (100 wds.)

4. Jamieson notes several different ways of respecting nature. Explain each, and why he thinks we do (or should) respect nature in the first place. (100 wds.)

5. Jamieson notes a few reasons why the harms to nation-states associated with climate change don’t look like traditional injustice between states. He considers one of these to be the most serious. Describe all the reasons, but spend most of the word count to explain the most serious one. (100 wds.)

Re-writing the answer in your on word in short


This covers chapters 1-4 of “Just and Unjust Wars” by Michael Walzer.

10 questions:

  • What does Walzer mean by the title of the chapter “Against Realism”? Explain the meaning of the central thesis of the chapter. Describe in detail the realism of the Athenian generals in Thucydides History of the Peloponnesian War as well as of Hobbes who translated this work, contrast it with Walzer’s position citing statements from the chapter.
  • Provide Walzer’s explanation of “what we mean when we say that it is a crime to begin a war”. Cite specific statements in the chapter and provide page numbers.
  • Explain in your own words the “logic of war” according to Karl von Clausewitz. What is the essence of Walzer’s criticism of Clausewitz description of the logic of war? Cite the sentence in which Walzer provides his counter argument to that of Clausewitz.
  • Explain what Walzer means when he says that “no one has ever experienced ‘absolute war’” on page 24?
  • What does Walzer mean by the “moral equality of soldiers”? Which preconditions are necessary for soldiers, representing two opposite parties, to be regarded as morally equal. Provide specific examples. (pp. 34-41). In which case the atrocities which a person commits “are his own” and “the war is not.” Use the case of Hitler’s Generals.
  • What does Walzer understand as the “ultimate tyranny of war”? (pp. 31-32)
  • Explain why in international law we observe a refusal to differentiate between various kinds of aggression (compare with the differentiation of the degrees of guilt and seriousness of a crime in domestic society). What are the exact reasons for this refusal to differentiate? (pp. 51-53). Provide at least two reasons stated by Walzer.
  • How does Walzer explain the rationale of the following statement: “territorial integrity is a function of national existence, not of nationalization” (p. 56-57). What establishes the integrity of a territory? When and only when can a boundary be drawn? How should the ownership of territory be expressed? (p. 57).
  • Outline 6 propositions of Walzer’s theory of aggression or the legalist paradigm. (pp. 61-63). What specific implication of these propositions does Walzer highlight at the end of the section The Legalist Paradigm on p. 63 ? (USE THE SPACE ON THE NEXT PAGE!!!)
  • What according to Walzer is the only reason for fighting any war? (p. 72) Why are all other wars ruled out by the legalist paradigm? What kind of wars are ruled out buy the legalist paradigm specifically? (p. 72.)

Mgt 630 discussion 8

In order to analyze corporate sustainability metrics, companies must first customize the measurement approach and the metrics they use. Companies may include both financial and nonfinancial measures about inputs, process, output, and outcomes. Many companies do not measure social, environmental, and economic issues as part of the decision-making process. Discuss the challenges to measuring sustainability in a way that drives positive corporate sustainability performance.

  • Embed course material concepts, principles and theories, which require supporting citations along with at least one scholarly peer reviewed reference in supporting your answer unless the assignment calls for more. Keep in mind that these scholarly references can be found in the Saudi Electronic Library by conducting an advanced search specific to scholarly references.
  • You need to reply to at least two peer discussion question post answers to this weekly discussion question. These post replies need to be substantial and constructive in nature. They should add to the content of the post and evaluate/analyze that post answer. Normal course dialogue does not fulfill these two peer replies but is expected throughout the course. Answering all course questions is also required.
  • Use Saudi Electronic University academic writing standards and APA style guidelines.