Business Law “The Masons’ New Car”

Assignment 1: The Masons’ New

Note: The company mentioned herein is
merely a hypothetical organization with characteristics developed to enable
students to respond to the assignment. You may create and / or make all
necessary assumptions needed for the completion of this assignment if those
assumptions are consistent with the facts presented. Do not make
assumptions which obviate the need to conduct a legal analysis of the


Earlier this year,
Paul Mason and his wife Chardonnay Mason went to Rivertown and Gregory Ford,
Dodge and Chryslers LLC. to purchase a new car. Last time the Masons bought a
car was in 1990 when they bought their current car, a 1991 Plymouth Voyager van.
The Mason’s daughter, Rosé recently gave birth to the Masons’ first grandchild
and the proud grandparents were excited to be taking a road trip from Macon,
Georgia to Freehold, New Jersey, to see the new addition to the Mason family.
They knew that the old Plymouth had seen better days and that it might not make
the 2,000 plus mile round-trip. The Masons were leaving for New Jersey in the
morning, so they needed a new car and fast. When the Masons met with the
salesperson at R&G, they explicitly stated that they were on a fixed income
and could afford no more than $400 per month in the form of a car note. They
were, however, willing to trade in their old van toward the purchase of the new

Hector Dosales, one of
R&G’s most aggressive salespersons, convinced the Masons to buy a new
Chrysler 200. By the time the Masons were ready to buy, it was after 9:00 p.m.
and the dealership was soon closing. To speed things along, Hector had the
Masons sign blank form contracts that he would fill out the next day. Among the
blank contracts that the Mason’s signed were a “Retail Installment Sales
Contract”, a “Retail Buyer’s Order”, and an “Odometer Disclosure Form”. When
Paul Mason asked about the terms of the deal, Hector said not to worry about it.
He would structure things so that the payments would be under their $400 limit.
When Paul asked how much he was getting for his trade-in, Hector said, “Don’t
worry about it. I’ll make sure you get a fair price.” While the various forms
were being signed, Chardonnay, who has a weak bladder, excused herself and in
the confusion neglected to sign the Retail Buyer’s Order.

The next day when
Hector was filling out the sales documents, he was having difficulty getting the
car payments under the $400 per month limit he had promised. While reviewing the
forms, he noticed that the Odometer Disclosure Form indicated that the Masons’
van had only 58,528 miles on it. Due to the exceptionally low mileage on the
vehicle, Hector was able to substantially raise the trade-in value, thereby
reducing the car payments to just under $400 per month. The Odometer Disclosure
Form had, in fact, been completed by Mary Jane, one of the clerks working at the

After Hector had
completed the sales documents and while the Masons were on their road trip,
Hector attempted to place the sales documents with a third-party finance
company. Because of the Masons’ low monthly income and poor credit history, no
one was willing to purchase the contract. In the meantime, the Masons’ van was
sent to auction. A Carfax report quickly indicated that the correct mileage on
the vehicle was 154,000 miles not 54,528 miles. In fact, service records from
R&G’s service department, where the Masons regularly brought the car for
maintenance, clearly indicated that the car had over 100,000 miles on it.
Because of the high mileage, the Van sold for $800 at auction, despite the
$2,800 Hector had indicated as a trade value.

When the Masons
returned home, they were contacted by the service department of R&G and
asked to bring in their new car for a complimentary service and detailing. When
the Masons arrived, they surrendered the keys to the new Chrysler and were
subsequently asked into a meeting with Hector and Felicia Fees, head of the
finance department at R&G. Felicia informed the Masons that they did not
qualify for financing the new car and that unless they had the cash to buy it,
they would have to return the car. Of course, the Masons did not have the money
to buy the car and told Felicia that they could just keep the car and they would
take their old car back. Felicia informed the Mason’s that their van had already
been sold at auction. Moreover, the Masons would be responsible for the usage of
the new car at the standard lease mileage rates of .45c per mile. Since they
drove the car 2,500 miles, they owed the dealership $1,125. Subtracting the $800
R&G received for the Masons’ van at auction, Felicia demanded payment from
the Masons of $325. Needless to say, the Masons refused.

The Masons have filed
suit against R&G in Magistrate Court in Macon, Georgia, to recover the value
of their van which they claimed to be the $2,800 Hector listed in the sales
documents. (Magistrate Courts are low level courts that handle, among other
things, small claims matters.) R&G has moved to dismiss the case and compel
the Masons to arbitrate any claims they might have in accordance with the
Arbitration clause contained in the Retail Buyer’s Order, which reads as

“Buyer and Dealer
agree that all claims, demands, disputes and controversies of every kind or
nature that may arise between them concerning any of the negotiations leading to
the sale of the vehicle, the terms and provisions of the sale, the performance
or condition of the vehicle, or any other aspects of the vehicle and its sale
shall be settled by binding arbitration. … Without limiting the generality of
the foregoing, it is the intention of the Buyer and the Dealer to resolve by
binding arbitration all disputes between them concerning the vehicle, its sale
and its condition, including disputes concerning the terms and conditions of the
sale, the condition of the vehicle, any damage to the vehicle, the terms and
meaning of any of the documents signed or given in connection with the sale, any
representations, promises or omissions made in connection with negotiations for
or sale of the vehicle, or any terms, conditions or representations made in
connection with the financing, credit life insurance, disability insurance, and
vehicle service contract purchased or obtained in connection with the

The Retail Buyer’s
Order also contained the following provisions:

“If the purchase of
the vehicle is being financed, Buyer understands that the sale is contingent
upon obtaining approval of the financing by the financing agency. In the event
that the vehicle has been delivered to Buyer but financing approval is not
obtained, Buyer agrees to immediately return the vehicle to the


You are the Magistrate
Judge in Macon County Georgia and have to decide this case. The Masons make the
following claims in the complaint:

  1. There never was a contract in this case since
    the contract documents were not completed at the time they were signed. Since
    they did not contain the essential elements of a contract, no contract was
  2. Since there was no contract, sale of the van
    was the tort of conversion and they are entitled to the value of the van which
    the defendant’s own statements value at $2,800.

The defendant answered
the complaint and moved to dismiss and to compel arbitration. The answer made
the following statements:

  1. There was a contract because the actions of
    the parties indicated intent to make a contract.
  2. The Masons signed an arbitration agreement,
    and under the law are required to bring their claims before an arbitrator and
    not the courts.
  3. The Masons have been unjustly enriched by the
    use of the new Chrysler and must pay the reasonable value of that
  4. The Masons committed fraud by signing a false
    Odometer Disclosure Form. Because of their fraud, the Masons are estopped from
    recovering anything on the value of the van.


Write a three to four
(3-4) page court opinion in which you rule on this case. In preparing this
opinion, you must:

  1. Decide whether this court should hear this
    case or dismiss the case and direct the parties to binding arbitration in
    accordance with the Retail Buyer’s Order. Support your
    Note: Please read the facts of the
    case very carefully as you attempt to resolve this issue.
  2. Decide whether or not a contract exists
    between the Masons and R&G. Support your response. Note: Be
    sure that you analyze the facts to reach your conclusion. Merely stating your
    conclusion without a supporting legal analysis is not sufficient.
  3. Decide one (1) of the other remaining issues
    presented above. That is, decide whether R&G committed the tort of
    conversion with the 1990 van, or whether the Masons were unjustly enriched by
    the use of the new car, or whether the Masons committed fraud and should be
    estopped from recovering the value of the van.
  4. Use at least two (2) quality academic or
    legal resources in this assignment, such as a government Website, Law school
    Websites, Restatements of laws, and other treatises of Law.  Your paper must
    include internal citations indicating the sources of your legal
    Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do
    not qualify as academic or legal resources.
  5. Format your assignment according to the
    following formatting requirements:

    1. Typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman
      font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides.
    2. Include a cover page containing the title of
      the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and
      the date. The cover page is not included in the required page
    3. Include a reference page. Citations and
      references must follow APA format. The reference page is not included in the
      required page length.

The specific course
learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Describe the legal environment of business,
    the sources of American law, and the basis of authority for government to
    regulate business.
  • Explain basic court procedures, types of
    courts, and alternative dispute resolution methods.
  • Explain the basis of tort law and describe
    the classification of torts.
  • Use technology and information resources to
    research issues in business law.
  • Write clearly and concisely about business
    law using proper writing mechanics.