Critque of a Research Study

  1. Introduction
  • State the purpose of the paper. Clearly identify the study being
    critiqued, by title and authors. Summarize the research question,
    hypothesis (if a quantitative study), and background information on the
    topic from the study’s literature review. Did the authors present a
    well-balanced summary of current knowledge about the topic? Is there any
    apparent bias in the literature review?
  1. Methods
  • Differentiate the research design (experimental or non-experimental)
    and approach (qualitative or quantitative), sampling method, and data
    collection methods. Indicate the sample size, variables and measures (if
    a quantitative study), statistical tests (if a quantitative study),
    coding and analysis procedures (if a qualitative study), and any
    assumptions made by the researchers. Were the procedures chosen
    appropriate for the study? What alternative methods would you suggest?
  1. Ethical Aspects
  • Analyze ethical issues pertaining to this study. Did the researchers
    explicitly address ethical issues in the article? If not, was there
    evidence in the report that the participants’ safety and confidentiality
    were protected? Was an approval process by an Institutional Review
    Board or similar ethics review committee mentioned? Were any of the
    practices ethically questionable (deception, coercion, etc.)?
  1. Results
  • Present a summary of the results of the analysis performed in the
    study. Did the authors keep their interpretations and conclusions
    separate from the analysis results (evidence)?
  1. Discussion and Conclusion
  • Analyze and critique the conclusions drawn by the researchers. Do
    the conclusions follow logically from the results of the analysis?
    Evaluate the overall efficacy of the research study by identifying the
    strengths and weaknesses of aspects of its design and implementation.
    Identify the limitations noted by the researchers and add any
    limitations you see that were not mentioned in the article. Describe the
    directions for future research proposed by the authors and evaluate
    their appropriateness. Recommend at least one idea for a future study
    that will overcome some of the limitations of this study. Keep in mind
    that this suggested future study will serve as the basis for your Final
    Paper.