The purpose of this exercise is to consider the difference between philosophy as part of the arts and humanities, versus philosophy as a speculative science. To help you address the points raised in the chapter from Russell’s book, The Problems of Philosophy, I would like you to also read Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Book I, Ch. 1&2. The chapters from Aristotle’s Metaphysics will help put into perspective one of the practical goals of philosophical inquiry, which is to form the theoretical basis empirical science.
Secondly, while philosophers are very interested in science as we commonly understand it, they are also very interested in something none of the other empirical sciences study – Morality. Considering such questions as “How do you know what are good actions?” or “Why should I try to live a moral life?”, demonstrate some of the most important and seemingly most impenetrable question about human. Yet regardless of how impenetrable these questions are to people, we have found ways to answer them. The most crucial of these way is by the process of self-reflection and dialogue.
Prompt: For this discussion, first explain Russell’s argument for the value of philosophical inquiry noting specific premises and conclusions along the way. You explanation will benefit from applying Aristotle’s description of theoretical science. Secondly, I would like you to consider what morality would look like if we started with scientific inquiry. Give at least two examples to defend your position.
Remember: A response consists of more than one word or simply agreeing. Please cite all passages in the text (including page number) and cite all outside information according to MLA guidelines. Your answer should have AT LEAST 3 responses (possibly more), aside from your original post. You will always be required to create a post responding to the discussion prompt (300-600 words), before viewing any responses of other students. Please review your work carefully before you submit since you will not be allowed to edit it afterwards (i.e., type and edit your responses in a WordDoc before posting.) Additionally, each discussion board requires you to respond to at least three other students (50-100 words per response).