NUR-631-D3Q1R1

Minimum of 250 words with at least 2 peer review reference in 6th edition APA style.

  What is the equation for the carbonic acid/bicarbonate buffering system? How do actions at the lungs and kidneys affect this equation and thus compensate for alterations in plasma pH levels? How do changes in plasma osmolality affect the physiology of erythrocytes?