accounting finance 6

On 1 Jan 2015, Evers Company Purchased the following two machines for use in its production process.

Machine A:  The cash price of this machine was $48,000.  Related expenditures included: sales tax $1,700, shipping costs $150, insurance during shipping $80, installation and testing costs $70, and $100 of oil and lubricants to be used with the machinery during its first yeaer of operations.  Evers estimates that the useful life of the machine is 5 years with a $5,000 salvage value remaining at the end of that time period.  Assume that the straight-line method of depreciation is used.

Machine B:  The recorded cost of this machine was $180,000.  Evers estimates that the useful life of the machine is 4 yeas with a $10,000 salvage value remaining at the end of that time period.

Instructions:

a)  Prepare the following for Machine A.

a.  The journal entry to record its purchase on 1 January ‘15

b.  The journal entry to record annual depreciation at 31 Dec ‘15

b)  Calculate the amount of depreciation expense that Evers should record for Machine B each year of its useful life under the following assumptions.

a.  Evers uses the straight-line method of depreciation

b.  Evers uses the declining-balance method.  The rate used is twice the straight-line rate.

c.  Evers uses the units-of-activity method and estimates that the useful life of the machine is 125,000 units.  Actual usage is as follows 2105, 45,000 units; 2016, 35,000 units; 2017, 25,000 units; 2018, 20,000 units.

c)  Which method used to calculate depreciation on Machine B reports the highest amount of depreciation expense in year 1 (2015)?  The highest amount in year 4 (2018)?  The highest total amount over the 4-year period?