Course Essay about chinese history between 1200 and 1900

This is a take-home, open-book exam. You may consult all assigned course materials when writing your exam (textbooks, primary source readings, lecture notes, handouts, Powerpoint). Do not do outside research, or refer to anything beyond the assigned course materials. Also, do not consult with anyone else, including classmates, about your answer. Argue for or against only one of the following two propositions, with reference to the period between 1200 and 1911. 1). “Between 1644 and 1912, for 268 years, China was ruled by Manchu emperors. However, the Manchu origins of Qing emperors did not decisively change the course of late imperial Chinese history.”

2). “It is often said that late imperial China was dominated by a ‘traditional’ or ‘Confucian’ ideology emphasizing loyalty and obedience. However, the major political turning points in late imperial Chinese history were moments when these values were ignored or rejected. Therefore, it is misleading to place particular emphasis on these values when explaining late imperial Chinese history.” Below is a textbook that you can use, remember to quote and cite from this book’s content to write essay