Psychotic disorders and schizophrenia are some of the most complicated and challenging diagnoses in the DSM. The symptoms of psychotic disorders may appear quite vivid in some patients; with others, symptoms may be barely observable. Additionally, symptoms may overlap among disorders. For example, specific symptoms, such as neurocognitive impairments, social problems, and illusions may exist in patients with schizophrenia but are also contributing symptoms for other psychotic disorders.
For this Assignment, you will analyze a case study related to schizophrenia, another psychotic disorder, or a medication-induced movement disorder.
- Review this week’s Learning Resources and consider the insights they provide about assessing and diagnosing psychotic disorders. Consider whether experiences of psychosis-related symptoms are always indicative of a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Think about alternative diagnoses for psychosis-related symptoms.
- Download the Comprehensive Psychiatric Evaluation Template, which you will use to complete this Assignment. Also review the Comprehensive Psychiatric Evaluation Exemplar to see an example of a completed evaluation document.
- By Day 1 of this week, select a specific video case study to use for this Assignment from the Video Case Selections choices in the Learning Resources. View your assigned video case and review the additional data for the case in the “Case History Reports” document, keeping the requirements of the evaluation template in mind.
- Consider what history would be necessary to collect from this patient.
- Consider what interview questions you would need to ask this patient.
- Identify at least three possible differential diagnoses for the patient.
Incorporate the following into your responses in the template:
- Subjective: What details did the patient provide regarding their chief complaint and symptomology to derive your differential diagnosis? What is the duration and severity of their symptoms? How are their symptoms impacting their functioning in life?
- Objective: What observations did you make during the psychiatric assessment?
- Assessment: Discuss the patient’s mental status examination results. What were your differential diagnoses? Provide a minimum of three possible diagnoses with supporting evidence, listed in order from highest priority to lowest priority. Compare the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for each differential diagnosis and explain what DSM-5 criteria rules out the differential diagnosis to find an accurate diagnosis. Explain the critical-thinking process that led you to the primary diagnosis you selected. Include pertinent positives and pertinent negatives for the specific patient case.
- Reflection notes: What would you do differently with this client if you could conduct the session over? Also include in your reflection a discussion related to legal/ethical considerations (demonstrate critical thinking beyond confidentiality and consent for treatment!), health promotion and disease prevention taking into consideration patient factors (such as age, ethnic group, etc.), PMH, and other risk factors (e.g., socioeconomic, cultural background, etc.).
- PLEASE include more details on symptoms in HPI. For PE, remember to include vital signs. Please also consider cranial nerves and description of respiratory effort. For reflections, what health promotion/disease prevention would you include? Please remember to include at least 3 evidence-based resources less than 5 years old. The video is not evidence-based.
- Alexander Street, a ProQuest Company (waldenulibrary.org)
- CASE HISTORY REPORT
- Training Title 9
Name: Ms. Nijah Branning
Age: 25 years old
T- 98.4 P- 80 R 18 128/78 Ht 5’0 Wt 120lbs
Background: Raised by parents, lives alone in Santa Monica, CA. Only child. Works in office
supply sales, has a bachelor’s in business degree. Has medical history of hypothyroidism,
currently treated with daily levothyroxine. Guarded and declined to discuss past psychiatric
history. Denied family mental health issues, declined to allow you to speak to parents for
collaborative information. Allergies: medical tape; menses regular
Symptom Media. (Producer). (2016). Training title 9 [Video]. https://video-alexanderstreetcom.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/watch/training-title-