Gilligan and K rehabiel (1988) depict the open rule in Congress as a cheap-talk game, that is, as…

Gilligan and K rehabiel (1988) depict the open rule in Congress as a cheap-talk game, that is, as a signaling game in which signals are costless. As a rough approximation, the committee proposes a policy, but the floor can introduce amendments and choose the policy it likes. The open rule is depicted as a two-player game, with a single member in the committee and a single representative on the floor (who stands for the median voter). The object of the decision is a policy a2 in ℝ. The outcome