Read and write a minimum two (2) page paper based upon the reflect on SPORTS: Sponsorship Matters found on page 85 of our textbook.
In your answer be sure to define and give an example of the four (4) categories of youth sport sponsorship, explain which category you believe to be most effective, explain which category you believe to be least effective, and give insight into the categories you participated in as a youth.
Bring in outside sources to help validate your answers and opinion. Our textbook lists a number of outside sources. Our library carries SportDiscus (found via ebscohost) which carries a number of significant Sport Management journals.
Variations in the Purpose of Organized Youth Sports
The purpose of organized youth sports often varies with the goals of those who sponsor them. Sources and forms of sponsorship differ from one program to another, but they generally fall into one of the following four categories:
- Public, tax-supported community recreation organizations. This includes local park and recreation departments and community centers, which traditionally offer free or low-cost sport programs for children. The programs are usually inclusive and emphasize overall participation, health, general skill development, and enjoyment.
- Public-interest, nonprofit community organizations. These include the YMCA, Boys and Girls Clubs, the Police Athletic League (PAL), and other community-based organizations, which traditionally have provided a limited range of free or low-fee sport programs for children. The goals of these programs are diverse, including everything from providing a â€œwholesome, Christian atmosphereâ€ for playing sports to providing â€œat-risk childrenâ€ with opportunities to play sports and keep them off the streets.
- Private-interest, nonprofit sport organizations. These include organizations such as the nationwide Little League, Inc., Rush Soccer (rushsoccer.com), Pop Warner Football, and local organizations operating independently or through connections with larger sport organizations, such as national federations like USA Swimming. These organizations usually offer more exclusive opportunities to selective groups of children, generally those with special skills from families who can afford relatively costly participation fees.
- Private commercial clubs. These include gymnastics, tennis, skating, soccer, and other sport clubs and training programs. These organizations have costly membership and participation fees, and some emphasize intense training, progressive and specialized skill development, and elite competition.
Because these sponsors each have different missions, the sports programs they fund are likely to offer different types of experiences for children and families. This makes it difficult to draw general conclusions about what happens in organized programs and how participation affects child development, public health, and family dynamics.
When public funds disappear due to tax cuts, one of the first things to be eliminated is youth sport programsâ€”the type in category 1 (above). This has many effects. It limits opportunities for children from low-income families and funnels them into only one or two sports that may survive the cuts. Additionally, it creates a demand for youth sports in the remaining three sponsorship categories. But sponsors in categories 3 and 4 thrive only when they serve people with the money to pay for their programs.
Overall, this means that the opportunities and experiences available to young people are influenced by local, state, and national politics, especially those related to taxation and public spending. At present, youth sport opportunities and experiences are strongly influenced by voters and political representatives who make decisions about taxes and how they are used in local communities. Do you think that people in your community would vote to increase taxes to support youth sports? If not, what reasons would they give for voting against such a tax?