In this Instructor Contact Session, you will hear your instructor
talk about painful and reinforcing stimuli. Listen to the lecture and
take notes. Then post a substantive response to the following discussion
You read how “one particular stimulus may be involved in
reinforcement and punishment of different behaviors in the same
situation, depending on whether the stimulus is presented or removed
after the behavior” (Miltenberger, 2016, pp. 115–116). Further, you saw
examples of how a painful stimulus may be involved in both positive
punishment and negative reinforcement, as well as how a reinforcing
stimulus may be involved in both negative punishment and positive
Share an example from your own life of either one of these two processes.
Miltenberger, R. G. (2016). Behavior modification: Principles and procedures (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.