Substantive Reponses Assistance

Your responses should be substantive, which means that you should
provide a significant level of detail in your reply and show active
engagement by referencing the readings, drawing on your own
experiences, giving your opinions, respectfully disagreeing where
appropriate or asking questions designed to generate further discussion
on the material and its implications outside the realm of the
question.  150 words per question please.

1) De Monticelli, R. (2000). Dante’s inferno: Phenomenology of a strange passion.

  Psychopathology, 33(4), 182-90. Retrieved from

article is showing us the difference between good and evil through
Dante’s eyes. The Inferno shows us how people who are considered to be
are punished by being sentenced to hell. The writer says, “Wrath is a
two-faced passion. As just indignation it inflames the saints of
Paradise, but in its vicious degeneration it may make a raving madman
out of a man” (De Monticelli, R., 2000). To me he is
saying that there are two sides to every man, even the devil was once
an angel. It is sometimes said that if people have good in them there is
also some bad in them as well.

The three sins I chose are: Treason, Murder, and Lust

betraying a person or ones country is wrong for any reason. This is the
sin that is closest to the pits of hell. Being as though I am
I am strongly against treason so I am in agreement that treason should
be the closest to the pits of hell ((Dante, White & Doré, 1948).

to take someone’s life before the will of God is wrong and to me an
abomination. It is in the first ring of the seventh circle but I think
that it should be in the circle closest to hell. Taking someone’s life
should be the ultimate sin ((Dante, White & Doré, 1948).

being up there with greed, in my opinion. When someone wants what
another person has and will lie, cheat, and steal to get it should be a
Although it is a sin, I think it is one of the less severe sins of my
three. Lust can be something innocent but lead to something more
serious. The Trojan War was ultimately fought over Helen of Troy.
Because of her lives were lost that should not have been,
I think someone like her should be closer to the ninth circle of hell
((Dante, White & Doré, 1948).

2) Kleinhenz, C. (2007). Perspectives on intertextuality in dante’s divina commedia. Romance Quarterly, 54(3), 183-194. Retrieved from

This article written by Christoper
Kleinhenz is an analysis of Dante’s writing style that elucidates
Dante’s use of different texts, from the Bible and the Vulgate, to tie
together his work to present the larger picture of the
commedia.  He goes into further detail by explaining why and when
certain things are highlighted by phrases from the Bible or the Vulgate.

Kleinhenz has completed research on
Dante before this article.  His continued research of Dante’s works adds
to his base of knowledge on this poet.  However, Dante’s work is
translated and many words or meanings could be lost
in translation due to this.  Overall, I believe this article could
provide evidence to assist me on my discussion question.  

XXVIII Sowers of dissension and scandal was the least of the three sins
chosen. Here sinners were forced to be wounded and walk in a circle
until their wounds
had healed and then they were forced to be wounded again.  The severity
of their wounds depended on the severity of their treachery.  “I surely
saw, and it still seems I see, a trunk without a head…….”  (Dantes,
Canto XXVIII, line 118)  Bad advice was
given to a king, which ended up turning a father and son against each
other.  So due to this Bertran de Born was given the worst punishment
because not only was he false in his words but he caused problems
between father and son.  

Canto XXXIII traitors were forced to stand in a frozen lake however
there was a traitor present that had a double punishment. Archbishop
Ruggieri had double crossed
Count Ugolino; both were traitors though.  However, the Archbishop’s
sin was greater because he locked the Count in a tower with his sons
with no food or water causing the Count to eventually eat his dead
sons.  This is why the Archbishop is being gnawed on
by the Count. 

Canto XXXIV Fraud was the worst sin in contrast to God’s love because
the betrayal of a person’s freely given trust and love was the worst sin
as shown here with,
“Judas Iscariot-/his head inside, he jerks his legs without.” (Dante,
Canto 34, Line 61) who betrayed Jesus.  Out of the three betrayers
present he was the only one who was head first in Lucifer’s mouth and
had to suffer the most for his crimes. 

Thank you for you help.